Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson (13 November 1850 – 3 December 1894) was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, musician and travel writer. His most famous works are Treasure Island, Kidnapped, Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, and A Child’s Garden of Verses. Stevenson was a literary celebrity during his lifetime, and now ranks as the 26th most translated author in the world.
Thought Stevenson was celebrated in his own time, with the rise of modernist literature after World War I, he was seen for much of the 20th century as a writer of the second class, relegated to children’s literature and horror genres. The late 20th century saw the start of a re-evaluation of Stevenson as an artist of great range and insight, a literary theorist, an essayist and social critic, a witness to the colonial history of the Pacific Islands, and a humanist. Throughout the vicissitudes of his scholarly reception, Stevenson has remained popular worldwide.